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In India, court marriage is solemnized either by the Marriage Act of 1954 or the Special Marriage Act. Under both these Acts, a court marriage process can be performed when a person marries someone of the opposite sex and the man is above 21 years and the woman is above 18 years of age. A court marriage does away with rituals and ceremonies and is simple. The procedure of court marriage is performed by the Marriage Registrar and upon completion; the participants are given a court marriage certificate stating that their union is legal in the eyes of the law.


1. Filing Notice about the intended marriage

The first step of the procedure of court marriage is to File a ‘Notice of Intended Marriage’ in the specified form to the Marriage Registrar of the district in which at least one of the parties to the marriage has resided for a period of not less than 30 days immediately preceding the date on which such notice is given.

2. Publishing the Notice

The marriage registrar of the district will display the notice at a prominent place at his office for 30 days. Within this period, anyone can object to the marriage if it is deemed illegal under the Act and the prescribed eligibility conditions. If there is no valid objection after 30 days from the signing of notice, the officer can proceed with the procedure of court marriage, as per the laid down court marriage rules.

3. Day of Marriage

The bride, groom, and three witnesses need to sign a declaration form in the presence of the marriage registrar or at a location that is reasonably close to the registrar’s office. The declaration would state that the parties are proceeding with the court marriage, in their consent.

4. Issuing the Court Marriage Certificate

Once all the formalities are completed, the marriage registrar inserts the details of the court marriage in the court marriage certificate. The certificate will be issued within 15 to 30 days.

Here are the procedure of court marriage certificate

Procedure of court marriage


  1. It is economical and a simpler process and saves the huge expenses of wedding rituals and ceremonies.
  2. The parties to the marriage get the option of solemnizing the marriage in any way they want.
  3. It ensures the consent of both the parties. As both, the parties of marriage willingly sign the marriage documents.
Advantages of court marriage registration

Advantages of court marriage


  1. The application form signed by both parties.
  2. Evidence of date of birth of parties.
  3. Residential proof of both the parties.
  4. If applying not from a place of permanent residence but from a place in which one of the parties has been residing for more than a month, in such cases residential proof of the same is required (Ration card/ report from concerned Station House Officer).
  5. Two passport size photographs of the bride and groom.
  6. Death certificate or divorce decree if the parties are previously married.
  7. Receipt of fees paid with respect to the application form in the District Court.
  8. Affirmation by the parties that they are not related to each other within the degree of prohibited relationship defined in the Special Marriage Act.
  9. A copy of passport and visa if one of the party is a foreign national
  10. A certificate of NOC or marital status certificate from the concerned embassy if one of the party is a foreign national
  11. One of the parties should produce documentary evidence regarding stay in India for 30 or more days (proof of residence or report from the concerned SHO) if one of the party is a foreign national
Court marriage registration certificate

Documents required for court marriage


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