As the nomenclature may suggest, a succession certificate is a document from which an individual derives authority to represent he deceased for the purpose of collecting
debts and securities due to them or payable in their name. It is drafted under the Indian Successions Act and is a key document in cases where there is no will. It is through this document that the heirs of a deceased can establish their claim against property.
A Succession Certificate is issued by the Magistrate, District Judge or the High Court. In most cases it is issued by a District Judge of the relevant jurisdiction, i.e., the place where the deceased ordinarily resided. However, in case where there is no such place of ordinary residence, then the courts of the area where the property in question is situated would be considered to relevant jurisdiction.